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Archive for the ‘New Wave Cinema’ Category


This 1969 French film captures a revolutionary time in history. Based on true events that happened in Greece in the 1960s, Z portrays the dueling worlds of politically left minded students and laborers who are against the Vietnam War and the power of the ruling class and the ruling class, right-wing traditionalists.

As new ideas and beliefs are starting to develop across the United States and Europe new political figures began to emerge. During this time in Greece a leftist pacifist was gaining popularity and the ruling figures in the military dictatorship did not care for his non-traditional positions and views.

After giving a political speech in a hall in the center of town, the leftist senator is hit over the head by a bigoted thug. As his family and friends fear for his life, the government, police, and military worry that if he dies we will be turned into a martyr. As the film progresses it becomes apparent that the members of the powerful ruling class are not interested in finding the culprits. Instead of investigating into the crime, they spend their time examining all of the senator’s campaign workers and manipulating witnesses to make the assassination look like a drunk driving accident. Cover-ups, lies, violence, and persuasion are all utilized by several different departments of the ruling class to cover up a murder. <

As the magistrate begins to investigate into the incident it becomes evident that the senator was not killed by a drunk driver but was hit over the head with a weapon. The magistrate and a photojournalist uncover enough evidence to charge the right-wing aggressors who committed the crime and four high-ranking military officers.

However it is up to you to see what happened in the end. Will justice be served or will the militaristic government prevail?

What I love about this film and The French Connection is the documentary style that both films exhibit. In a gritty, realistic approach this makes the film truly authentic and honest. The compelling elements of flashbacks and close-ups help to maturely develop the film into an intriguing experience for the viewer.

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Ok, I know this blog is supposed to be about foreign films but I wanted to discuss in this reflection about the major influence that Italian Neo-Realism and French New Wave had on American Cinema in the 1960s and 1970s.

American New Wave Cinema is considered the Hollywood Renaissance. As European art films began circulating in America, American directors (Martin Scorsese, Francis Ford Coppola, Woody Allen, and William Friedkin) recognized and appreciated the neo-realism style of Fellini and the documentary style of Godard. What was produced was an era of artistically creative films that were grounded in filming on location, working with a low budget, and centering on non-main stream issues and themes.

A brilliant example of American New Wave Cinema is The French Connection. Filmed on location in the New York streets of the Lower East Side and the borough of Brooklyn, Friedkin (the director) exhibits a storyline captured in a gritty documentary style. Based on a true story, narcotic detectives, “Popeye” Doyle (Gene Hackman) and “Cloudy” Russo (Roy Scheider) begin to unravel a smuggling heroin operation that starts in the French port city of Marseilles. The wealthy drug-lord Charnier (Fernando Rey) plans to bring his large supply of heroin across the Atlantic. As he arrives in the port of New York, “Popeye” and “Cloudy” are already aware of his arrival.

A few weeks before this, Popeye and Cloudy are at a bar when they observe Sal Boca and his wife Angie entertaining some Mafia members who are involved in narcotics. They begin to follow and observe the actions of the suspicious couple. By wire-tapping their modest luncheonette, the two detectives find out that a significant supply of heroin will soon be arriving on the streets of New York.

What follows after Charnier arrives are restless stake-outs, nail-biting car chases, and gripping on-foot tailing pursuits.

I cannot end this reflection without discussing the car chase scene.
Often hailed as one of the greatest car chase scenes in film history, viewers are taken on a riveting, intense ride along the streets of Brooklyn. After hijacking a civilian’s car, Popeye anxiously and earnestly follows the elevated train that one of Charnier’s partners has gotten on to. Swerving to miss pedestrians and recklessly accelerating the gas to catch up with the train, Popeye finally is able to trap the criminal as the train collides at a halting stop. Weakened and injured by the collision, the criminal staggers out only to be shot at point-blank by Popeye.

Here is a clip from the scene:

The French Connection reminds me of the 1969 political thriller Z. In my next reflection, I will discuss this French language film that captures a government organized scheme that is centered on assassinating a leftist political figure.

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